16. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana:
a. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana was launched by Govt. of
during 2007-08 to incentives states to draw up plans for their agriculture sector. India
b. The RKVY aims at achieving 4% annual growth in the agriculture sector during the XI Plan period, by ensuring a holistic development of Agriculture and Allied Sectors.
17. National Social Assistance Programme:
a. The programme was launched with effect from 15th August 1985 and under this programme three sub-schemes are under implementation. They are.
1. National Old Age Pension(NOAP)
2. National Family Benefit Scheme (NEBS)
18. National Old Age pension (NOAP):
a. old person above 65 Years. Physically Handicapped persons and Leprosy destitute (Irrespective of Age) who comes under Below Poverty line.
b. The National Old Age Pension Scheme has been renamed as Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOPS) and formally launched on 19th November, 2007.
c. The central contribution of pension under the Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS) is Rs. 200/- per month per beneficiary and the State Governments may contribute over and above to this amount. At present old age beneficiaries are getting anywhere between Rs. 200/- to Rs. 1000/- depending on the State Contribution.
19. National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS)
a. Under this scheme, in the death of primary breadwinner, the head of household is untitled to get the benefit of Rs.10000/- in case normal deaths.
a. launched on1st April, 2000.
b. for providing food security to those Senior Citizens who though eligible have remained uncovered under the National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS).
c. Under the
Annapurna Scheme, 10 Kg. of food grains per month are to be provided 'free of cost' to the Beneficiary.
d. The age of the applicant ( male or female) should be 65 years or above.
e. From 2002-03, it has been transferred to State Plan along with the National Social Assistance Programme comprising the National Old Age Pension Scheme and the National Family Benefit Scheme.
21. Two new schemes have been introduced in the Interim Budget 2009-10:
a. 'Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme' to provide pension of Rs.200 to widows between age groups of 40-64 years and
b. 'Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme' to provide pension for severely disabled persons. Widows in the age group of 18-40 years to be given priority in admission to ITIs, Women ITIs and National/Regional ITIs for women. Government to bear cost of their training and provide stipend of Rs.500 per month.
22. Aam Admi Bima Yojna (AABY):
a. launched in 2nd October 2007.
b. It is an Insurance Scheme which covers the death and permanent disability for the benefit of rural landless households between the age group of 18 to 59 years.
c. Implemented through the LIC of
and inter alias. India
d. The scheme provides for insurance of head of the family or an earning member of the family of rural landless household.
e. 50% will be contributed by the central Govt. and the rest 50% will be contributed by the state Government
23. Antyodaya Anna yojana
a. 25th December,2000
b. BPL families in Rural Area and urban area
c. food grains 25 Kg per family per month @ Rs.2/- per Kg for wheat and Rs. 3/- per Kg for rice. This quantity has been enhanced from 25 kg to 35 kg from 1 April 2002.
d. Under the expanded Antyodaya Anna Yojna, exclusive AAY cards are also issued to the Senior Citizens who have no regular means of subsistence or societal support, widows and families headed by widows, terminally ill and physically handicapped even if they are not in possession of any APL or BPL card.
24. Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana
a. launched on 25 September, 2001 by merging the on-going schemes of EAS and the JGSY
b. objective of providing additional wage employment and food security, alongside creation of durable community assets in rural areas.
c. The programme is self-targeting in nature with special emphasis on women, scheduled castes, scheduled tribes.
d. Fund is shared between the Centre and the States in the ratio of 75:25.
e. Food grains are provided free of cost to the States/UTs. The payment of food grains is made directly to FCI at economic cost by the Centre. However, State Governments are responsible for the cost of transportation of food grains from FCI godown to work-site/PDS shops and its distribution. Minimum wages are paid to the workers through a mix of minimum five kg of food grains and at least 25 per cent of wages in cash.
25. Training of Rural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM)
a. initiated in July 1979.
b. It is a component of IRDP, aims to providing basic technical and entrepreneurial skills to the rural poor in the age group of 18 to 35 years to enable them to take up income generating activities. The scheme had been merged into Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) with IRDP, DWCRA etc. from April, 1999.
26. Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)
b. It is a self-employment program intended to raise the income-generation capacity of target groups among the poor in rural areas. Assistance is provided in the form of subsidy and bank credit.
c. Scheme is merged with another Scheme named swarnjayanti gram swarozgar yojana (SGSY) since 01.04.1999.
a. launched in 2003
b. centrally sponsored scheme aimed at reducing maternal and infant mortality rates and increasing institutional deliveries in below poverty line (BPL) families
c. JSY, which falls under the overall umbrella of National Rural Health Mission covers all pregnant women belonging to households below the poverty line, above 19 years of age and up to two live births.
28. NATIONAL MATERNITY BENEFIT SCHEME (NMBS)
a. provision for the payment of Rs. 500 per pregnancy to women belonging to poor households for pre-natal and post-natal maternity care upto first two live births.
29. Mahila Samridhi Yojna
a. started on 2 October 1993.
b. Under this plan, the rural women of 18 years of above age can open their saving account in the rural post office of their own area with a minimum Rs. 4 or its multiplier
30. National Food Security
a. Lunched in 2007.
b. Centrally sponsored scheme
c. Objectives of this scheme,
1. Increasing production of rice and pulses through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in the identified districts of the state.
2. Restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level.
3. Creation of employment opportunities
4. Enhancing farm level economy i.e. farm profits to restore confidence amongst the farmers.
31. Saakshar Bharat
a. launched on 8 September 2009
b. It aims to recast
India's National Literacy to focus on literacy of women, which is expected to increase the literate population by 70 million adults, including 60 million women. Mission
32. National Livelihood
a. Started in 2009-10
b. Aiming to make the Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna more effective and boost the rural economy, the government has decided to restructure the scheme under a new name National Livelihood
c. to provide self-employment in the rural areas by bringing each household below the poverty line under the net of self-help group (SHG),
d. The government will strengthen the SHGs at all levels by setting up the Rural Self Employment Training Institute in each district across the country
e. 50 per cent of the beneficiaries had to be from the SC and ST communities and 40 per cent had necessarily to be women.
33. Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana(RGGVY)
b. objective of providing access to electricity to all households and improving rural electricity infrastructure
c. The scheme covers the entire country. Rural electricity corporation (REC) is the nodal agency for the implementation of RGGVY.
d. Ninety per cent capital subsidy is provided for overall cost of the projects under the scheme
34. Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water
a. 50% Central and 50% State.
b. The Technology Mission on drinking water and related water management was launched in 1986. It was also called the National Drinking Water Mission (NDWM) and was one of the five Societal Missions launched by the Government of India. The NDWM was renamed Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water mission (RGNDWM) in 1991.
c. The main aim of the scheme is to provide drinking water to the non covered/ partially covered habitations
35. Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme
a. Launched on 2nd October 1975
b. to improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years