1. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana(PMGSY):
a. Launched on 25th December 2000.
b. It is a nationwide plan to provide good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages of more than 500 persons in the rural areas (250 persons in the hilly and desert areas).
c. It is a 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
2. Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY):
a. launched on 2005 for providing access to electricity to all households in the country in five years
b. Under the programme, 90% grant is provided by Govt. of
and 10% as loan by Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) to the State
c. Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) is the nodal agency for the programme.
d. The scheme aims at electrification of over 1 lakh un-electrified villages and providing electricity connections to 2.34 crore rural households. The estimated cost of the scheme is approximately Rs. 51,000 crore.
e. All the BPL families are eligible for free connections under the scheme.
3. Indira Awaas Yojana(IAY):
a. Launched during 1985-86 as a sub-scheme of Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP) and continued as a sub-scheme of Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) since its launching from April, 1989.
b. It has been delinked from the JRY and has been made an independent scheme with effect from January 1, 1996.
c. The objective of IAY is primarily to provide grant for construction of houses to members of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes, freed bonded labourers and also to non-SC/ST rural people living below poverty line.
d. Funding is shared between the Centre & State in the ratio of 75:25.
4. Bharat Nirman:
a. launched in 2005 for building rural infrastructure.
b. Phase I of the programme was implemented in the period 2005-06 to 2008-09. Phase II is being implemented from 2009-10 to 2011-12.
c. Bharat Nirman comprises of six components:
1. Water Supply--Cover approximately 55 thousand uncovered habitations and provide safe drinking water to approximately 2.16 lakh villages affected by poor water quality
2. Housing--Provide additional 1.2 crore houses at the rate of 24 lakh houses each year to be built by funds allocated to the homeless through Panchayats
3. Telecommunication and Information Technology --Increase rural tele-density to 40% and provide broadband connectivity and Bharat Nirman Seva Kendras to all 2.5 lakh Panchayats
4. Roads--Provide road connections to remaining 23,000 villages approximately with population of 1000 or 500 in case of hilly or tribal areas
5. Electrification--Provide electricity to remaining 40,000 villages approximately and connections to about 1.75 crore poor households
6. Irrigation--6.5 million hectares brought under assured irrigation till 2009. Remaining 3.5 lakh hectares to be completed by 2012
d. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), Rajiv Gandhi Vidyutikaran Yojana(RGVY) & Indira Awas Yojana (IWY) come under Bharat Nirman.
5. Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana(PMAGY):
a. It is a new scheme launched in the Union Budget 2009-10 by the Union Government on a pilot basis for integrated development 0f 1,000 villages, each having more than 50% SC population.
b. There are about 44,000 villages in which the population of scheduled castes is above 50 per cent.
c. If the pilot scheme is successful the scheme will be expanded to remaining villages.
6. National Rural Health
a. Launched in 2005.
b. The NRHM covers the entire country, with special focus on 18 States.
7. Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA):
a. One of the key components of the National Rural Health Mission is to provide every village in the country with a trained female community health activist – ‘ASHA’ or Accredited Social Health Activist for every village with a population of 1000.
b. ASHA will take steps to create awareness in woman on birth preparedness, safe delivery and care of the young child. She will also work as DOTS provider under tuberculosis programme
c. ASHA must primarily be a woman resident of the village – married/ widowed/ divorced, preferably in the age group of 25 to 45 years.
8. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act(NREGA):
a. Act was came in 2005 and scheme launched in 2006
b. The scheme provides a legal guarantee for one hundred days of employment in every financial year to adult members of any rural household willing to do public work-related unskilled manual work at the statutory minimum wage of Rs.100 per
c. Around one-third of the stipulated work force must be women.
d. The scheme started from February 2, 2006 in 200 districts, was expanded to cover another 130 districts in 2007-2008 and eventually covered all 593 districts in
in 2008. India
e. It has been renamed as Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act on 2nd October, 2009.
9. Sarva Siksha Abhiyan(SSA):
a. launched in 2001.
b. It is a flagship programme of the Government of
by Atal Bihari Vajpayee for achievement of universalization of elementary education to
children in the 6-14 age group by 2010. India
c. education cess are credited into a Prarambhik Shiksha Kosh (PSK) and are utilised exclusively for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and Mid-Day Meal (MDM)
d. 85:15 sharing arrangement during the Ninth Plan, 75:25 sharing arrangement during the Tenth Plan, and 50:50 sharing thereafter between the Central Government and the State Government except for 8 NE states.
10. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan(RMSA):
a. To cover children in secondary school (8th to 12th standard). The main objective of the programme will be to provide universal access to education for all children by 2015 and universal retention by 2020.
b. The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan has created a need for strengthening secondary education infrastructure across the country.
c. Announced in 2007 and it is proposed to implement during 11th Five Year plan. In Jan 2009 CCEA (Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs) approved the implementation
d. Rs.20,120 crore has been allocated for the Scheme during the 11th Five Year Plan.
11. Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY):
a. Launched as an integrated programme for self-employment of the rural poor with effect from 1 April 1999.
b. Assistance is given to BPL family in rural areas for taking up self employment.
c. They may take up the activity either individually or in Groups, called the Self-Help Groups.
d. There are over 22 lakh Women’s Self Help Groups linked with banks. Reach of SHGs to be widened to enrol at least 50 per cent of all rural women in
members of SHGs over the next five years. India
e. A Self- Help Group (SHG) may generally consist of 10-20 persons.
f. It is financed on 75:25 cost-sharing basis between the Centre and the states
g. In Union Budget 2009-10, The Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) restructured as National Rural Livelihood
to make it
universal in application, focused in approach and time bound for poverty eradication by 2014-15. Mission
12. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY):
a. launched in 2007.
b. It is a new health insurance scheme for the Below Poverty Line (BPL) families in the unorganized sector.
c. objective is to provide insurance cover to BPL households from major health shocks that involve hospitalization.
d. By the end of the year, 2009-10, 1.2 crore BPL families ( a unit of five) are expected to be covered and all the estimated 6 crore BPL families are proposed to be covered in the next four years.
e. In the Union Budget 2009-10, It is proposed that All BPL families to be covered under this scheme.
13. Rajiv Awas Yojana:
a. It is a new scheme announced in the Union Budget 2009-10 for making slum-free
in five years. India
b. Rajiv Awas Yojana comes under JNNURM on the lines of Indira Awas Yojana for rural poor.
14. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal
a. launched on 2005
b. for development of 63 identified cities.
c. Centre- Rs. 50,000 crore. State- 50,000 crore and municipalities – 25,000 crore total amount will go upto to Rs. 1,25,000 crores over the seven year period.
d. National Steering Group chaired by urban development minister
e. It comprises two Sub-Missions:
1. Urban Infrastructure and Governance (UIG) (Sub-mission I)
2. Basic Services to the Urban Poor Urban (BSUP) (Sub-mission II)
15. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY):
a. Launched in 1997.
b. Swarna Jayanthi Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY) shall sheek to provide gainful employment to the Urban unemployed or underemployed poor through encouraging the setting up of self-employment ventures or provision of wage employment.
c. The programme shall target the urban poor, defined as those living below the urban poverty line, as defined from time to time.
d. funding pattern of Centre and State in 75:25 basis
e. The Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana shall consist of two special schemes, namely-
f. i)The Urban Self-Employment Programme (USEP)
g. ii)The Urban Wage Employment Programme (UWEP)
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